Exploration of the effects of musical learning

The aim of the present work was to contribute to the literature on the benefits of music learning. Music learning develops personal, social and cognitive skills, which may in turn contribute to raise academic achievement. We asked a group of 60 students of the Escola Superior de Música e das Artes do Espectáculo do Porto what reasons led them to choose a musical career. The results indicated that their main motivation factor was to reach high levels of artistic achievement, and consequently, high levels of personal development. In order to progress in their careers, these students need great persistence, high levels of creativity and confidence, ability to experiment and to work in a team. However, besides the development of these abilities, significant correlations between music learning and cognitive development, namely the development of mathematical skills, are described on the literature. In this way, we will present studies exploring the most significant relationships between music and mathematics, more specifically between music and spatial-temporal reasoning (important in mathematical concepts). The inference is based on a group of studies which explore the effects of learning to play the keyboard on spatial-temporal reasoning, suggesting that mastering a musical instrument helps one to develop an understanding of mathematics. The existence of a correlation between music learning and mathematical achievement has important educational implications, especially as regards the inclusion or maintenance of the teaching of music in the national school curriculum.

Year 2008
Type Book Chapter
Publication Música. Arte. Diálogo. Civilización.
Pages 17-25
Publisher Center for Intercultural Music Arts
Local Coimbra
Ed/Org Fernando Ramos / María Angustias Ortiz Molina
ISBN / ISSN 978-989-95257-5-7
Language Portuguese