Virtual Art: a tendency in Contemporary Art

Authors: • Inês Albuquerque, Teresa Almeida.

Abstract
Contemporary Art has faced a great technological revolution that led to the development of new proposals where the object left its natural condition of materiality to become a virtual materialization of artistic thought. However, according to Oliver Grau (2007), this enchantment for virtualisation is a characteristic that can be traced since Antiquity, but which has acquired a new dynamic by the middle of 20th century. In fact, earlier in last century and with Marcel Duchamp, the object of art – or the work of art – suffered a major transformation: a moment in art where the work was no longer a magical creation of an artist, but an everyday object which, conceptually, was reborn with a new identity through the mind of the artist – the ready made.
This paper will depart from the ideas of Duchamp and Grau and will try to develop an approach to contemporary virtual works, presenting some of those works and highlighting their major features and contributions for art today. The work in Virtual Art is frequently ephemeral and immaterial due to characteristics such as interactivity, participation and collaboration. It also has a global reach and a novel impact in traditional publics, leading to the development of new roles for the participants in the artistic context: work of art, public and artist. Appropriation and use of new media, like Internet, which support the creation of several on-line art works hybrid, made also possible to understand virtuality in Contemporary Art.

Author(s)
Year 2012
Type Conference Proceeding
Publication CONTEMP ART’2012
Local Istambul.
Language English