“The texture of Being: Cézanne and the Expression”

This text served as starting point for a presentation at the Questions of Aesthetics Seminars at Institute for Philosophy of Language of the New University of Lisbon. My text as well as my presentation searched at a definition and contextualization for the called “texture of Being” (which Merleau-Ponty ennunciates in accordance to painting in L’Oeil et l’Esprit) through a relation with the painting of Cézanne and through a phenomenological perpective. This presentation started, then, with Cézanne, when he says that the new optics he intends to create fuses the interior nature (of the individual) and nature itself. From which comes the fenomenology of Ponty: in Phenoménologie de la Perception, the place of perception (which relates directly with an expressive value) is not placed absolutely outside the individual (which would perceive according to an empiricism, in a way that would go from the things towards him), nor absolutely inside him (which would perceive in a psichology in a way that would go, then, from him towards the things), but rather in a “interlacement” (Lyotard) or in a “texture” that constitutes the Being as a union of the individual and the world. I tried to make clear, more exactly, “where” does expression takes place, characterizing its place and proposing that this is not placed neither outside the individual (in things or their exact reproduction in painting) and neither inside him (and in a pictorial representation of an exclusivly interior world), but in an area of indetermination (a place where contradictions are abolished in a totally positive sense), a place where the world gains sense (in a “more clear” language than the verbally codified one), a sort of an atmosphere that, through the body, unites, then, interior and exterior, in a “texture” of existence (which Cézanne tried to capture), a place of expression and of Being.

Year 2012
Type Conference Proceeding
Publisher Instituto de Filosofia da Linguagem, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa